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Education: Mental Health Terms

Mental health

Mental health.

A state of mental well-being that enables people to cope with the stresses of life, to realize their abilities, to learn well and work well, and to contribute to their communities.

Mental health is an integral component of health and well-being and is more than the absence of mental disorder.

Mental health condition.

A broad term covering mental disorders and psychosocial disabilities. It also covers other mental states associated with significant distress, impairment in functioning, or risk of self-harm.

To bring together and speak to the widest group of stakeholders possible, this term is used throughout this report except when discussing data that rely on defined categories of mental disorder.

Mental disorder.

As defined by the International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), a mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotional regulation, or behaviour that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes that underlie mental and behavioural functioning.

These disturbances are usually associated with distress or impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

This report uses this term when discussing data that rely on defined categories of mental disorder.

Psychosocial disability.

Disability that arises when someone with a long-term mental impairment interacts with various barriers that may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others. Examples of such barriers are discrimination,

stigma and exclusion.

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this publication do not in anyway reflect the opinions of State News Ghana

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